SARS-CoV-2 consensus-sequence and matching overlapping peptides design for COVID19 immune studies and vaccine development

SARS-CoV-2 consensus-sequence and matching overlapping peptides design for COVID19 immune studies and vaccine development

Fecha de publicación online: 08/06/2020 Revista: Vaccines

Abstract:

Synthetic antigens based on consensus sequences that represent circulating viral isolates are sensitive, time saving and cost-effective tools for in vitro immune monitoring and to guide immunogen design. When based on a representative sequence database, such consensus sequences can effectively be used to test immune responses in exposed and infected individuals at the population level. To accelerate immune studies in SARS-CoV-2 infection, we here describe a SARS-CoV-2 2020 consensus sequence (CoV-2-cons) which is based on more than 1700 viral genome entries in NCBI and encompasses all described SARS-CoV-2 open reading frames (ORF), including recently described frame-shifted and length variant ORF. Based on these sequences, we created curated overlapping peptide (OLP) lists containing between 1500 to 3000 peptides of 15 and 18 amino acids in length, overlapping by 10 or 11 residues, as ideal tools for the assessment of SARS-CoV-2-specific T cell immunity. In addition, CoV-2-cons sequence entropy values are presented along with variant sequences to provide increased coverage of the most variable sections of the viral genome. The identification of conserved protein fragments across the coronavirus family and the corresponding OLP facilitate the identification of T cells potentially cross-reactive with related viruses. This new CoV-2-cons sequence, together with the peptides sets, should provide the basis for SARS-CoV-2 antigen synthesis to facilitate comparability between ex-vivo immune analyses and help to accelerate research on SARS-CoV-2 immunity and vaccine development.

Autores: Olvera A, Noguera-Julian M, Kilpelainen A, Romero-Martín L, Prado J.G, Brander C

Suscríbete a la newsletter

Back to Top
Irsi Caixa

Impulsado por:

Fundación 'La Caixa' Generalitat de Catalunya - Departament de Salut

 

HR Excellence in Research

Miembro de:

Cerca

Con la colaboración de: