β5 integrin is the major contributor to the alphav integrin-mediated blockade of HIV-1 replication

β5 integrin is the major contributor to the alphav integrin-mediated blockade of HIV-1 replication

Online publication: 22/11/2010 Printed publication: 1 January 2011 Journal: Journal of Immunology

Abstract:

Monocytes and macrophages are targets of HIV-1 infection and play critical roles in multiple aspects of viral pathogenesis. During the differentiation of monocytes to macrophages, adhesion molecules such as integrins are upregulated; therefore, they provide signals that control the process and subsequently may render macrophages more susceptible to HIV-1 infection. Previous work demonstrated that blocking αv-containing integrins triggered a signal transduction pathway leading to the inhibition of NF-κB–dependent HIV-1 transcription. In this paper, we show the influence of the different αv-coupled β integrins in HIV-1 replication in macrophages. Inhibition of β integrins, either by specific mAbs, small arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) mimetic compounds, or RNA interference, showed that integrin β5 was the major contributor to the integrin-mediated blockade of HIV-1 replication. Importantly, such inhibition did not induce changes in cell adhesion to the substrate. In conclusion, our results reveal a significant role of the integrin dimmer αvβ5 in HIV-1 infection of macrophages.

Authors: Ballana E, Pauls E, Clotet B, Perron-Sierra F, Tucker GC, Esté JA.

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